6. Control your weight so you’re not obese. Being overweight has many health risks associated with it including type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease and strokes, certain types of cancer, sleep apnea, osteoarthritis, fatty liver disease, kidney disease,and pregnancy problems Research shows that it is especially true if the fat is around your midsection. It makes sense that if you are excessively big your heart and other organs, need to work that much harder. It is estimated that for each additional pound of weight there are seven miles of blood vessels (mostly capillaries). If you gain five pounds, which doesn’t seem like much, your heart needs to pump blood through 35 more miles. That alone suggests what leads to the health problems. The good news is that when you lose pounds those miles of vessels also go away. For most people weight management is a matter of balancing the amount of calories eaten with the amount burned through activity, so the answer is to eat less and be more physically active. There are many tips for eating less, beginning by taking smaller portions of healthier foods and resisting taking seconds and thirds. (Not having food sitting in dishes before you in the middle of the table, but instead left in the kitchen, discourages going for more. Using smaller plates can be helpful.) As for being more active, it might be very obvious how to do it and having a device that tracks your walking can be a motivator. Some basic ideas are to do more physically throughout the day by replacing your effort for ease, for example taking stairs instead of elevators, walk or bike instead of taking cars or buses. Setting aside time for doing exercise will increase the calories you burn and have other benefits too. Do that.